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Disease Profile

Macrosomia with lethal microphthalmia

Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.

<1 / 1 000 000

US Estimated

Europe Estimated

Age of onset





Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease.


Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype.


dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.


recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder.


Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.


Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.


Not applicable


Other names (AKA)

Teebi Al-Saleh Hassoon syndrome; Macrosomia microphthalmia cleft palate


Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Ear, Nose, and Throat Diseases; Eye diseases;


The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.

Orpha Number: 2432

Macrosomia-microphthalmiacleft palate syndrome is a rare, genetic, multiple congenital anomalies/dysmorphic syndrome characterized by early macrosomia, bilateral severe microphthalmia and a protuberant abdomen with hepatomegaly. Additional reported features include brachycephaly, large fontanelles, prominent forehead, upturned nose and median cleft palate. Cyanotic apneic spells and overwhelming infection lead to death within the first 6 months of life. There have been no further descriptions in the literature since 1989.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.


This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
80%-99% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of the fontanelles or cranial sutures
Broad forehead
Increased width of the forehead
Wide forehead

[ more ]

Enlarged liver
Large for gestational age
Birth weight > 90th percentile
Birthweight > 90th percentile

[ more ]

Cornea of eye less than 10mm in diameter
Abnormally small eyeball
Recurrent respiratory infections
Frequent respiratory infections
Multiple respiratory infections
respiratory infections, recurrent
Susceptibility to respiratory infections

[ more ]

30%-79% of people have these symptoms
Abnormality of calvarial morphology
Abnormality of the shape of cranium
Abnormally shaped skull

[ more ]

Corneal opacity
Median cleft palate
Central cleft palate
Midline cleft palate

[ more ]

Respiratory insufficiency
Respiratory impairment
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal recessive inheritance
Growth abnormality
Abnormal growth
Growth issue

[ more ]

Respiratory infections in early life

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Macrosomia with lethal microphthalmia. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.