Rare Neurology News

Disease Profile

Dentin dysplasia, coronal

Prevalence
Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.
<1 / 1 000 000

< 331

US Estimated

< 514

Europe Estimated

Age of onset

-

ICD-10

K00.5

Inheritance

Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease

rnn-autosomaldominant.svg

Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype

no.svg

X-linked
dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.

no.svg

X-linked
recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder

no.svg

Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.

Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.

no.svg

Not applicable

no.svg

Other names (AKA)

Coronal dentin dysplasia; Pulpal dysplasia; Pulp stones;

Categories

Congenital and Genetic Diseases; Mouth Diseases

Summary

The following summary is from Orphanet, a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.
orphanet

Orpha Number: 99791

Definition
Dentin dysplasia type II (DD-II) is a rare mild form of dentin dysplasia (DD, see this term) characterized by normal tooth roots but abnormal primary dentition.

Epidemiology
Prevalence of DD-II is not known.

Clinical description
In DD-II, features of primary dentition resemble those observed in dentinogenesis imperfecta type 2 (DGI-2, see this term) and include amber translucent coloration, bulbous crowns, cervical constriction, tooth attrition, and short constricted roots. Pulp obliteration is also observed. The permanent dentition seems either unaffected (normal teeth morphology and color) or mild radiographic abnormalities are found (thistle tube-shaped pulp chambers and multiple pulp calcifications).

Etiology
DD-II is caused by mutations in the DSPP gene (4q21.3) coding for dentin sialophosphoprotein, a precursor for dentin sialoprotein and dentin phosphoprotein which are involved in dentinogenesis.

Diagnostic methods
Diagnosis is based on history, clinical examination and radiographic features. Molecular genetic testing can be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Differential diagnosis
Differential diagnoses include conditions that have similar clinical or radiographic features to DD such as osteogenesis imperfecta or dentinogenesis imperfecta (see these terms).

Genetic counseling
DD-2 follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. There is therefore a 50% chance that a child born to an affected parent will have the condition.

Management and treatment
In the primary dentition, preformed stainless steel crowns on molars may be used to prevent tooth wear and maintain the occlusal vertical dimension. Appropriate care makes it possible to achieve good esthetic appearance and functional performance.

Prognosis
Prognosis depends primarily on the age of diagnosis and the quality of management.

Visit the Orphanet disease page for more resources.

Symptoms

This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
HPO ID
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal dominant inheritance
0000006
Dentinogenesis imperfecta limited to primary teeth
0011060
Pulp stones
0003771

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Dentin dysplasia, coronal. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.